Saturday, 25 December 2010

Ros Newman - Norwich 20 Group

Ros Newman

Contact Details

You can find out more / contact Ros Newman in the following ways:

Email:For our artists privacy & reduce Spam, please contact Ros Newman via our web form.

Artist Statement

Most of my work is conceived to deceive the eye into seeing much more than is there; a part of a face becomes a whole; a silhouette of a bird, when bent and polished, takes flight. Through ones eye, the brain fills in the parts that are not there.

Previous Exhibitions

  • 2004 Make and install “Bird Flight”
    Norfolk & Norwich University Hospital
  • Bergh Apton Sculpture Trail, Norfolk
  • Norwich Twenty Group 60th Anniversary
    Shoe Factory, Norwich
  • Ruth Lowe Gallery, Wroxham
  • 2005 Salthouse 06 exhibition
  • Norwich Fringe
  • Commission for the Gotto Collection
  • 2006 The King of Hearts Gallery, Norwich – selected artists
  • The King of Hearts – selection from the Gotto Collection
  • British Artist Blacksmiths Ironbridge
  • Norwich 20 Group
    Shoe Factory, Norwich
  • Norwich Fringe
  • The Forum Norwich. “Making Faces” exhibition
  • North Norfolk Sculpture Trail
  • Norwich Forum, NCAS members exhibition
  • King of Hearts 2 Man Show
  • 2008 Norwich 20 group, Shoe factory, Norwich
  • Figure and Form , Wymondham Arts Centre

Redcurrent Tart by Ros Newman | Flickr - Photo Sharing!

Poster - Your custom poster on premium photographic paper. |

Snowplow for your 4WD, SUV, truck. ( Jeep, pickup, gmc, chevy chevrolet, montero, isuzu, dodge, ford, honda, mazda, inexpensive, cheap and affordable)

Friday, 24 December 2010

Reichs’ Young Adult ‘Virals’ Is Infectious, Fun | Kathy Reichs

Reichs’ Young Adult ‘Virals’ Is Infectious, Fun

By CAROLYN LESSARD Associated Press

“Virals” (Razor Bill, $17.99), by Kathy Reichs: Tory Brennan isn’t like other teenage girls. A self-proclaimed science geek and tomboy, Tory doesn’t want to fit in with the popular crowd. Living with her marine biologist dad on a nature preserve island off the Carolina coast, she’d rather be watching the Discovery Channel than mixing with the shallow and superficial prep school set.

Tory’s only friends are fellow teenage islanders: Ben, the muscle; Shelton, the gadget guru; and Hiram, the comical sidekick. Together they form a ragtag team of misfits who regularly embark on “stealth missions” (self-assigned explorations) to off-limit areas around the island.
On one mission, they discover a corroded and illegible military dog tag. They want to return the dog tag to its owner, so they break into a science lab to borrow a piece of equipment to properly clean it. In the lab, they find a sick puppy that’s being used for experimentation and scheduled for termination. They decide to rescue it.

While nursing the puppy back to health, the teens are unwittingly exposed to an unknown virus that gives them canine characteristics and supersensory skills.
Their lives are endangered after they make a gruesome discovery, and a corrupt research doctor suspects them of the lab break-in. But the ever-resilient crew, armed with Internet research and their iPhones, reveal a cover-up involving a local politician and a decades-old missing person case.

“Virals” is Kathy Reichs’ first young adult fiction book, and it features Tory Brennan, niece of acclaimed forensic anthropologist Temperance Brennan, the subject of Reichs’ adult series “Bones” (and inspiration for the Fox TV series of the same name).
Reichs doesn’t bog down the novel with a lot of complicated tech talk. She adds a supernatural element to appeal to a younger audience and keeps this enthralling tale moving with the appropriate amount of mystery, adventure — and a lot of humor.

Forensic Science | Kathy Reichs



Forensic Science

October 14, 2009 -->

Forensic anthropology is the application of the science of physical or biological anthropology to the legal process.  Physical or biological anthropologists who specialize in forensics primarily focus their studies on the human skeleton.

For more information, please visit:

American Academy of Forensic Sciences

For sixty years, the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) has served a distinguished and diverse membership.  Its 6,000 members are divided into eleven sections spanning the forensic enterprise.  Included among the Academy’s members are physicians, attorneys, dentists, toxicologists, physical anthropologists, document examiners, psychiatrists, physicists, engineers, criminalists, educators, digital evidence experts, and others.  Representing all 50 United States, Canada, and 60 other countries worldwide, they actively practice forensic science and, in many cases, teach and conduct research in the field as well.  Each section provides opportunities for professional development, personal contacts, awards, and recognition.  Many sections publish periodic newsletters and mailings which keep their members abreast of activities and developments in their field.

As a professional society dedicated to the application of science to the law, the AAFS is committed to the promotion of education and the elevation of accuracy, precision, and specificity in the forensic sciences.  It does so via the Journal of Forensic Sciences (its internationally recognized scientific journal), newsletters, its annual scientific meeting, the conduct of seminars and meetings, and the initiation of actions and reactions to various issues of concern.  For its members and affiliates, AAFS provides placement services as well as scientific reference studies.  As the world’s most prestigious forensic science organization, the AAFS represents its membership to the public and serves as the focal point for public information concerning the forensic science profession.  Founded in 1948, the AAFS is headquartered in Colorado Springs, CO.

American Board of Forensic Anthropology

The American Board of Forensic Anthropology was incorporated in 1977 as a non-profit organization to provide, in the public interest and the advancement of science, a program of certification in forensic anthropology.  In purpose and organization, the ABFA functions in much the same way as do certifying boards in various medical specialties and other scientific fields.

FBI Academy

The FBI Academy, our national training facility, is located on 385 wooded acres on a Marine Corps base in Quantico, Virginia—about 36 miles outside Washington, D.C. Much of the FBI’s training takes place here—from minting new agents and analysts to grooming law enforcement leaders from around the world. The Academy also serves as a premier learning and research center, an advocate for best practices throughout the global criminal justice community, and a place where lasting partnerships are forged among law enforcement professionals worldwide.

Laboratoire de Sciences Judiciaires et de Médecine Légale

Le Laboratoire de sciences judiciaires et de médecine légale (Laboratoire) a pour mandat principal de réaliser des expertises objectives en sciences judiciaires et en médecine légale, dans différents domaines hautement spécialisés, pour l’administration de la justice et le soutien aux enquêtes policières et judiciaires.

Joint POW-MIA Accounting Command

The mission of the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command (JPAC) is to achieve the fullest possible accounting of all Americans missing as a result of the nation’s past conflicts. The highest priority of the organization is the return of any living Americans that remain prisoners of war.  To date, the U.S. Government has not found any evidence that there are still American POWs in captivity from past U.S. conflicts.

Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Team

DMORT is a Federal Level Response team designed to provide mortuary assistance in the case of a mass fatality incident or cemetery related incident.  DMORT works under the local jurisdictional authorities such as Coroner/Medical Examiners, Law Enforcement and Emergency Managers.

Guatemalan Forensic Anthropology Foundation

The Guatemalan Forensic Anthropology Foundation (Fundación de Antropología Forense de Guatemala, FAFG) is a non-governmental, autonomous, technical-scientific, not-for-profit organization that contributes to the strengthening of the justice system and to the respect for human rights through the investigation, documentation,  dissemination, education and awareness raising regarding the historic violations of the right to life and the cases of non-clarified deaths.  The FAFG also produces expert reports and conducts scientific investigations, applying both forensic and social sciences at a national and international level.

Crimes and Clues: The Art and Science of Criminal Investigation

A website providing information on Criminal Investigation and Forensic Science, with articles and news items primarily targeted towards Police Officers, Detectives, Crime Scene Investigators and Forensic Scientists.

Sunlight exposure and vitamin D advice - Health News - NHS Choices

Several newspapers have reported on new advice for sun exposure and vitamin D. Vitamin D is necessary to absorb calcium and form healthy bones. However, too much sun also raises the risk of skin cancer. Several large UK health organisations have made a joint statement about how much sun exposure would boost health without putting people at risk of its damaging effects.

The statement does not specify exactly how long people should aim to be in the sun for. This is because the time required to make sufficient vitamin D varies according to a number of environmental, physical and personal factors and may vary between individuals. The authors say that the time required is “typically short and less than the time needed to redden or burn”. Regularly going outside for a few minutes around the middle of the day without sunscreen is suggested as best and that “the more skin that is exposed the greater the chance of producing sufficient vitamin D before burning”. Importantly, this advice applies in the UK, and not necessarily in hotter climates.

Newspapers report that in practice this means between “10 and 15 minutes in the UK summer sun, without sunscreen several times a week is probably a safe balance between adequate vitamin D levels and any risk of skin cancer”.


Who gave the advice?

The advice comes from a group of seven British health organisations, which have issued a “consensus statement”, of their unified views.

The charities include the British Association of Dermatologists, Cancer Research UK, Diabetes UK, the Multiple Sclerosis Society, the National Heart Forum, the National Osteoporosis Society and the Primary Care Dermatology Society.


Why has the advice been issued?

Vitamin D, a vitamin necessary for health, is mainly obtained from sunlight. However, too much sun exposure has also been associated with the risk of skin cancer. Over the years, confusion may have grown from the advice issued by various organisations about the ideal levels of sunlight. The announcement from these seven organisations is aimed at clearing up some of this confusion.

A spokesperson for Cancer Research UK, said:

"This joint consensus statement brings together the latest evidence on vitamin D. In representing the unified views of many different organisations, we hope to provide some clarity around this important but controversial issue. It is encouraging that our stance agrees with that of other international organisations, such as the World Health Organisation and the US Institute of Medicine.”


How do I get vitamin D?

Most of a person’s vitamin D is made in their body through exposure to sunlight. The report says that the time required to make sufficient vitamin D varies according to a number of environmental, physical and personal factors, but is typically short and less than the amount of time needed for skin to redden and burn. Enjoying the sun safely, while taking care not to burn, can provide the benefits of vitamin D without unduly raising the risk of skin cancer.

Vitamin D supplements and specific foods can help to maintain sufficient levels of vitamin D, particularly in people at risk of deficiency. However, there is still a lot of uncertainty around what levels qualify as “optimal” or “sufficient”. There is also some uncertainty over how much sunlight different people need to achieve a given level of vitamin D, whether vitamin D protects against chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes, and the benefits and risks of widespread supplementation.


How much vitamin D does a person require?

How much vitamin D a person has in their body is best shown by measuring the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in their blood. There is a general consensus that levels below 25nmol/L (10ng/ml) are “deficient”. However, there is currently no standard definition of what the optimal level of vitamin D is, and vitamin D levels can vary between individuals.

Some scientists suggest that 70-80nmol is best, but others suggest that vitamin D levels may plateau at this level and not get any higher regardless of how much sunlight or supplements are taken. The report cites a Hawaiian study, which found that “half of healthy young surfers had levels below 75nmol/L despite extensive unprotected outdoor exposure and tanned skin”. Vitamin D can also be obtained through the diet, particularly through oily fish. However, estimates suggest that 90% of the vitamin D requirement comes from sunlight.


What about vitamin supplements?

The Department of Health currently recommends a daily 10microgram vitamin D supplement for people at risk of vitamin D deficiency, including pregnant and breastfeeding women, older people and people who may not have adequate sun exposure, such as those who are confined indoors or cover their skin for cultural reasons. Vitamin D is present in a range of dietary supplements (which are unlicensed) including fish oil products such as cod liver oil. Supplements that also contain vitamin A (including cod liver oil) are unsuitable for older people and pregnant women.

For most people however, the benefits and risks of taking vitamin D supplements are unclear. The report suggests that there is still a lack of evidence about the risks of “chronically raising” the populations levels of vitamin D through supplementation.

The report did not include figures of the estimated proportion of the UK population that is deficient in vitamin D.


How much sun should I aim to get?

The report says that ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation is the best way to boost vitamin D, but that it is unclear how much sunlight is needed to raise blood levels to a particular level. According to the report, environmental and personal factors affect vitamin D production in the skin making it difficult to make a “one size fits all” recommendation for the whole population. For example, the area of skin exposed to the sun will influence the amount of vitamin D that is made.

The report says that during the winter months in the UK, there is not enough UVB for the body to make vitamin D. Therefore, the body relies on stores of vitamin D and vitamin D obtained through the diet.

The report quotes data from a study in which caucasian British people were given a dose of simulated sunlight equivalent to midday summer sun for 13 minutes, three times a week for six weeks during the winter months. The participants were dressed in typical summer clothes that revealed a third of their skin. This raised vitamin D blood levels to more than 50nmol/L in 90% of people, and to more than 70nmol/L in 26% of people.

This study appears to be the basis for the recommendation of 10-15 minutes midday summer sun quoted by the newspapers. It is important to point out that the report did not actually specify a recommended time that people should spend in the sun again highlighting that the time required may vary dependent on clothing, the amount of shade, how much time people typically spent outside and so on. They said “regularly going outside for a matter of minutes around the middle of the day without sunscreen should be enough”.


What about sunbeds?

Sunbeds were not recommended as a way to top up vitamin D. Alongside UVB, sunbeds emit UVA which can cause skin cancer and does not contribute to vitamin D production.

Links to the headlines

Sunbathing can be good for you, say health charities. The Daily Telegraph, December 17 2010

Midday sun advice goes full circle. The Daily Telegraph, December 17 2010

New guidance on vitamin D recommends midday sunshine. BBC News, December 17 2010

Experts advise going out in midday sun to keep up vitamin D levels. Daily Mirror, December 17 2010

Mad dogs and Englishmen were right! We should go out in the midday sun, say experts. Daily Mail, December 17 2010

Now the advice is you should go out in the midday sun. Daily Express, December 17 2010

Links to the science

British Association of Dermatologists, Cancer Research UK, Diabetes UK, the Multiple Sclerosis Society, the National Heart Forum, the National Osteoporosis Society and the Primary Care Dermatology Society. Consensus vitamin D position statement. Cancer Research UK, December 17 2010


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Kevan Gelling said on 19 December 2010

It's excellent news that the sun ban has been lifted and not a moment too soon, but questions should be asked as to why this advice was ever allowed to be given.

It was only ever based upon conjecture and supposition. There was no evidence that the prohibition of sunshine would a) reduce melanoma and b) not have any side effects.

In fact during the ban, melanoma rates increased and as we now know not enough sun leads to vitamin D deficiency and it's related morbities.

CRUK's position statement finishes with a list of unanswered questions about vitamin D. I hope that CRUK will now lead the way and fund the vitamin D research needed to find the answers.

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TB cases are on the rise in London and UK - Health News - NHS Choices

London is “the TB capital of Europe”, The Daily Telegraph has reported. The newspaper says that Britain is now the only nation in Western Europe with rising levels of tuberculosis, with more than 9,000 cases diagnosed annually. In London, where 40% of UK cases are reportedly diagnosed, the number of cases has risen by almost 50% since 1999, up from 2,309 in 1999 to 3,450 in 2009.

The Guardian has also discussed the rising prevalence of the disease, which was detailed in a report on the modern TB situation in London, as well as the UK as a whole. The report’s author, Professor Alimuddin Zumla of University College London, attributes the rise to people living under “Victorian” conditions, with poor housing, inadequate ventilation and overcrowding in certain deprived areas of London.

Professor Zumla has also observed that the increase in TB cases has been predominantly among people born outside the UK, but who appear to have been infected here, rather than in their country of origin. He has called for the implementation of a London-wide strategy to help control the disease.


What is tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is a disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infection predominantly affects the lungs, though it can spread via the blood to affect other organs. Like other respiratory infections, TB is spread by airborne droplets passed on through sneezing and coughing. It is mostly spread through prolonged contact with an infected person. TB differs from other airborne infections such as colds and flu in that it is not typically passed on by short-term contact, such as when using public transport.

When initially infected, a person may have no symptoms and can remain without symptoms for a long time. However, if the person’s immune system is weak, the infection can progress to active disease and the person is likely to develop:

  • a persistent productive cough that brings up sputum or phlegm, which may contain blood
  • fever and sweating
  • general symptoms of illness, such as fatigue
  • weight loss

As such, the symptoms of TB need to be distinguished from those of chronic bronchitis, pneumonia or cancer, which are similar. The disease is usually diagnosed using X-rays and laboratory examination of sputum samples, and is treated with a combination of antibiotics over a prolonged period of at least six months.

Tuberculosis is known to occur more often in areas of deprivation, where poor living conditions, poor nutrition and poorer health are more common. Those with a depleted immune system and poorer general health are at increased risk, for example, people with HIV, alcoholics and those who are malnourished.


What is the basis for the current reports?

The news stories follow a narrative review authored by Professor Alimuddin Zumla, a consultant in infectious disease at University College London Hospital and the director of the Centre for Infectious Diseases and International Health at University College London Medical School. The review was published in The Lancet medical journal.

Professor Zumla discusses the history and resurgence of what was known in the Victorian times as consumption, or ‘the white plague’, due to the pale complexion of sufferers. In the 1800s up to 25% of deaths in Europe were attributed to TB. In the 1900s, however, improved housing, nutrition and economic status brought a decline in prevalence, which was then reduced greatly by the advent of anti-tuberculosis drugs in the 1960s.

By the 1980s, TB was considered to be almost eradicated in the UK. However, this is said to have changed again with the increase in travel and migration. The review suggests that the poorer socio-economic status and living conditions experienced by certain population groups have led to a gradual re-emergence of TB as a public health problem in Europe.

The review gives an overview of the modern toll of TB, saying that:

  • Currently 1.7 million people die of tuberculosis globally each year.
  • Incidence in the UK has gradually increased over the past 15 years, with more than 9,000 cases reported in 2009, a rate of 14.6 per 100,000 population. This is said to contrast with a general decline seen in other western European countries, with the UK being the only European country where TB rates continue to rise.
  • In London, the number of cases has risen by almost 50% since 1999, up from 2,309 in 1999 to 3,450 in 2009. London now accounts for almost 40% of all TB cases in the UK.
  • The increase in the number of tuberculosis cases in the UK has largely been in non-UK born groups. In 2009, these included black African (28%), Indian (27%), and white people (10%). However, 85% of individuals born overseas had lived in the UK for at least two years prior to being diagnosed, i.e. they were not recent immigrants. This suggests transmission may have occurred after they had arrived in the UK.
  • Poor living conditions are known to be associated with TB and, in particular, the author considers prisons to be “ideal breeding grounds”. He quotes a four-year study (2004–07) of 205 prisoners with newly-diagnosed TB that demonstrated that, compared with all other cases in the UK during that period (29,340 in total), prisoners were more likely to be UK born (47% versus 25%) and to be white (33% versus 22%). Only 48% of prisoners diagnosed with active disease completed treatment, and 20% were lost to follow-up.

As the current figures reflect only reported cases, the true disease prevalence may be even higher. The narrative highlights the need for healthcare professionals in the UK, and particularly London, to have heightened awareness of TB as a possible cause of disease in their patients in order to improve diagnosis. The author also raises the problem of antibiotic resistance that has been observed in certain cases over the past 10 years, particularly those occurring among people in prison. This highlights the need for people to complete full courses of antibiotic treatment.


What does the author conclude?

The author says that the current situation in London has similarities with previous outbreaks of drug-resistant TB in the US in the 1990s, where a large amount of financial investment and government support was required to regain control of the disease through the clear establishment of clinical policy and protocol.

The author also says that there is now a need to implement the recommendations of a recent London tuberculosis service review, which has suggested steps such as standardising the various testing and treatment methods used in different areas.


What else do I need to know about TB?

The BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin) vaccination exposes the person to a weakened Mycobacterium strain, causing them to develop immunity against TB. In the UK the vaccine is no longer given routinely, but is given to those expected to be at higher risk of disease, which includes certain professionals (for example, healthcare workers, and people working in homeless shelters and refugee hostels), immigrants coming to the UK from high-incidence areas and infants born into high-incidence areas such as inner London or whose parents come from high-incidence areas.

Anyone with a cough, productive or not, that has persisted for more than a few weeks should consult their doctor, as should any person with feverish symptoms, unexplained weight loss, general fatigue and loss of appetite. These could be signs not only of TB, but of other serious illness.

As stated, TB is a curable disease, as long as a prolonged course of antibiotics is followed. However, as with any antibiotic treatment, failing to complete a full course can lead to the development of antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria.

Tuberculosis is a ‘notifiable disease’ and, by law, government authorities must be informed of any cases identified. This information is gathered by the UK Health Protection Agency, which says that around 9,000 cases of TB are reported each year in the United Kingdom, with most cases occurring in major cities, particularly London. The HPA says it is committed to supporting the NHS and the Department of Health in controlling TB in UK.

Links to the headlines

London 'the TB capital of Europe'. The Daily Telegraph, December 17 2010

Tuberculosis thriving in 'Victorian' London, says expert. The Guardian, December 17 2010

Links to the science

The white plague returns to London with a vengeance. The Lancet, Early Online Publication, December 17 2010

Further reading

end heading -->

NHS Commissioning Support for London: London TB Service Review and Health Needs Assessment


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Steve Wozniak on the FCC and Internet freedom - O'Reilly Radar

Kurdish Political Prisoner on Death Row: “The judge told me that he will put the noose around my neck” | Persian2English

SIGN PETITION: Save Habibollah Golparipour

Persian Report by HRANA
Translation Summary by Tour Irani, Persian2English

A letter by Habibollah Golparipour to Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei

HRANA - Habibollah Golparipour who is sentenced to death has described his psychological and physical torture during his imprisonment to the Supreme Leader of Iran. “If you do not pay attention, I will have no choice but to take my case to International Human Rights organizations and the U.N.”

To the Leader of the Islamic Republic,

My name is Haibollah Golparipour and I have been sentenced to death on charges of acting against national security. During my arrest and interrogations my rights have been trampled on and no government agency has paid attention to my case and my protests.

I have been forced to write this letter to you because you are the commander of the Iranian armed forces. My rights have been ignored and I have been charged by the Revolutionary Guards of Mahabad, the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence.

First, as the Supreme Leader you need to know about what has taken place in organizations under your authority so that you can prevent injustices.

Secondly, as the moral leader of the country you have legal and moral obligations to make sure justice is carried out with regards to Iranian citizens.

Third, since you are the commander in chief you are responsible for organizations under your control including the Revolutionary Guards, the Ministry of Intelligence, and the Judiciary. You need to ask them for explanations, and if there are violations, you need to punish them in order to reform those organizations.

You are the only person who can order and monitor the Western Azerbaijan Revolutionary Guards and Ministry of Intelligence, who have gone beyond their authority. You are the only person who can reduce injustices in government organizations.

Now that I have explained why I have written this letter to you, I am going to explain why, according to the Islamic Republic constitution and judicial code, I have been wronged.

First, I will explain how I was arrested and interrogated during the first five months of my imprisonment by the Revolutionary Guards and the Ministry of Intelligence:

My name is Habibollah Golparipour. I was born in the Mahabad province and I was arrested by the Revolutionary Guards of Mahabad on charges of acting against national security. I was under arrest by the IRGC and the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence for five months.

During these five months I endured physical and psychological torture:

- My right hand was broken by the Mahabad Revolutionary Guards interrogators.

- My right leg was broken by the Mahabad Revolutionary Guards interrogators

- I endured beatings for several hours each day by the Mahabad Revolutionary Guards interrogators.

- I was hung from my hands and feet for several hours and once for two days by the Mahabad Revolutionary Guards interrogators.

- I was given electrical shock on my body parts, even on my private parts by the Mahabad Revolutionary Guards interrogators.

- The skin on my hands and feet cracked due to flogging and the administration of electric shock by the Mahabad Revolutionary Guards interrogators.

- I was beaten with an iron rod for a week by the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence for the duration of one week.

- I was exposed to the torture of other prisoners in order to weaken my spirits and to exert psychological pressure by the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence forces.

- I endured the arrest of my family members and threats against us in order to confess to the lies of the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence interrogators.

- I was threatened with death many times by the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence interrogators.

- I endured the broadcast of loud noises through prison loudspeakers and exertion of psychological pressures by the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence interrogators.

- I endured the use of foul language by prison guards of the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence.

- While being transferred from Orumiyeh to the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence, I was beaten by the Mahabad Revolutionary Guards on the way to prison.

- In a five minute session at the Mahabad Revolutionary Court, Mr. Sheikloo only asked my first and last name and then took my finger prints and that ended the session.

During court proceedings at branch 1 of the Revolutionary Courts, before judge Khodadadi asked for my name he immediately asked me why I have not cooperated with the agents. He said, “If there was a bigger punishment than execution, I would sentence you to that. I will surely put the noose around your neck.” And then he terminated the court session.

In my only court session, the judge read my lawyer’s defense and terminated the court proceedings. This was a show trial and it only lasted a few minutes. The following week I was taken to the Mahabad Revolutionary Court and an unknown person read something to me and told me that was my verdict. I still do not know the legal position of that person.

The content of the text was as follows: “You have been sentenced to death for acting against national security”.

My lawyer protested the verdict, but after three months the verdict was reconfirmed by a branch of the Supreme Court.

Surprisingly, while I was spending time in the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence, I was accused of the same crime, but I was released on a $10 thousand USD bail.

I think Iran is the only place in the world where a defendant gets interrogated for the same crime in two different cities, but is released on bail in one city (Sanandaj) and receives the death sentence in another (Mahabad). This should be considered the eighth wonder of the world! Or perhaps we should commend the Ministry of Intelligence and the Judiciary for their hard work.

I will now explain why this verdict is against the constitution and judicial codes of the country:

“No one can be arrested except as determined by laws. If someone is arrested the accused must immediately be informed of the charges in a written form and the case must be sent to judicial authorities within 24 hours. If this is violated, the violators must be prosecuted”. This is article 32 of the Islamic Republic constitution.

“Everyone is innocent until proven guilty. By law nobody can be convicted unless the crime is proven in court”. This is article 38 of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Interestingly, in the last paragraph it states that guilt must be proven in a just court.

I am not sure whether I should say fortunately or unfortunately, but neither my guilt was proven in court nor was it proved that I took up arms against the regime.

Why was I convicted to death and labeled as an ‘enemy of God’? [Mohareb]

Since the first day when I was arrested by the Revolutionary Guards of Mahabad and while being transferred to Al-Mehdi detention center, the Orumiyeh Revolutionary Guards, the Sanandaj Ministry of Intelligence and the Oroumiyeh Ministry of Intelligence tortured me both physically and emotionally, which contradicts article 38 of the constitution.

هرانا؛ قاضی گفت:حتما طناب اعدام را به گردنت می‌اندازم

نامه حبیب الله گلپری پور به رهبر ایران

خبرگزاری هرانا – حبیب الله گلپری پور زندانی سیاسی محکوم به اعدام در نامه ای به رهبر جمهوری اسلامی ضمن شرح شکنجه های جسمی و روحی خود در طول دوران بازداشت در پایان خطاب به رهبری می نویسد” اگر شما به مشکل بنده نرسیدید در مرحله بعد که از حمایت و نظارت شما ناامید شدم مجبور خواهم شد صدای عدالتخواهی خویش را به گوش سازمانها و ارگانهای بین‌المللی برسانم و شکایت‌نامه‌ای به دبیر کل سازمان ملل متحد ،شورای عالی حقوق بشر سازمان ملل متحد، دادگاه عالی لاهه ، سازمان دفاع از حقوق زندانیان سیاسی سازمان ملل متحد و هر ارگان و یا شخص حقوقی و بین‌الملی که در گیر مسائل حقوق بشری هستند مینویسم.”

متن این نامه که در اختیار خبرگزاری هرانا قرار گرفته است به شرح زیر است:

خدمت رهبر جمهوری اسلامی ایران آیت‌الله خامنه‌ای

با عرض سلام .

این جانب زندانی حبیب‌الله گلپری پور که به اتهام اقدام علیه امنیت ملی توسط شعبه یک دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد به اعدام محکوم شده‌ام که همین کیفرخواست اعدام نیز در یکی از شعبه‌های دیوان عالی کشور به تائید رسیده است .

با توجه به اینکه بنده به عنوان یک شهروند ایرانی در مراحل دستگیری و بازجوئی ودادگاهی خویش شاهد پایمال شدن حقوق اولیه‌ام شده‌ام و تا به حال نیز دستگاههای مربوطه در این امر به اجحافهایی که در پرونده بنده شده معترض که نشده‌اند هیچ, بلکه هیچ اقدامی در جهت اصلاح اشتباهات فاحش خویش نکرده‌اند.

بلکه مصرانه در پی اجرای ناعدالتی و نادیده گرفته شدن تظلم وارده بر بنده هستند به همین سبب بنده مجبور شدم به خاطر چندین دلیل که بیان می‌کنم به شما که به عنوان فرمانده کل قوای جمهوری اسلامی ایران هستید نامه ای نوشته و آن جناب را مطلع سازم و شکایت خویش را از ارگانهای سپاه پاسداران مهاباد ،اداره اطلاعات سنندج و ارومیه به شما می‌کنم و انتظار رسیدگی و پیگیری دارم.

اولا شما به عنوان رهبر جامعه بایستی از مسائل اتفاق افتاده در سایر ارگانها مطلع شوید و اگر خلافی و ظلمی در حق کسی می‌گردد جلوگیری نمائید.

ثانیا شما به عنوان رهبر معنوی جامعه مسئولیت شرعی دارید که به فریاد دادخواهی تمامی افرادی که شهروندی جمهوری اسلامی ایران را دارند برسید و در فردای قیامت اشتباهات زیر مجموعه‌های تحت الامر شما باعث تاوان پس دادن شما نباشد.

ثالثا چون شما فرمانده کل قوا هستید می‌توانید در مقابل قانون شکنی ارگانهای تحت‌الامرتان از جمله سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی ، وزارت اطلاعات و دستگاه قضائی توضیحات لازم را از آنها خواسته و همچنین اگر تخلفی صورت بگیرد می‌توانید خاطیان را مجازات کنید و این خود باعث اصلاح آن نهادها می‌گردد.

به شاهد امر در شرایط کنونی جامعه و به خصوص شرایط حاکم بر استان آذربایجان‌غربی که هم سپاه پاسداران و هم اداره اطلاعات فراتر از وظایف و اختیاراتشان عمل می‌کنند و هم دستگاه قضائی استان که به صورت سلیقه‌ای عمل می‌کند، فقط شما می‌توانید با دستورات و راهنمائی‌ها و نظارت خویش به نواقص ذکر شده رسیدگی و باعث کاهش رواج ظلم در ارگانهای این استان شوید. بعد از ذکر دلایلی که چرا به شما نامه نوشته‌ام ،اکنون با دلایلی که استناد به خود قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران و قوانین آئین دادرسی کیفری دارد عمق ظلمی را که به بنده شده است تا حدودی برایتان معلوم می‌سازم .

حالا برای روشن شدن مطالب نخست شرح مختصری از دستگیری و نحوه بازجوئی‌هایم در پنج ماه بازداشتم در سپاه پاسداران و اداره اطلاعات را برایتان می‌نویسم.

این جانب حبیب‌الله گلپری پور فرزند ناصر به شماره شناسنامه ٢٦٦٤ که در مورخ٤. ٧ . ٨٨ .در شهرستان مهاباد به اتهام اقدام علیه امنیت ملی توسط نیروهای سپاه پاسداران مهاباد دستگیر شدم . بنده جمعا ٥ ماه در بازداشت نیروهای سپاه پاسداران مهاباد و المهدی ارومیه و اداره اطلاعات سنندج و ارومیه بودم و در طول این ٥ ماه تحت شکنجه‌های فیزیکی و روحی زیر قرار گرفتم.

- شکستن دست راست توسط باجویان سپاه پاسداران مهاباد

- شکستن پای راست توسط بازجویان سپاه پاسداران مهاباد

- ضرب و شتم به مدت چندین ساعت در هر روز توسط بازجویان سپاه پاسداران مهاباد

- آویزان کردن از ناحیه دست و پاهایم به مدت چندین ساعت و حتی یک مرتبه به مدت ٢ روز توسط بازجویان سپاه پاسداران مهاباد.

- استفاده از شوک برقی برای شوک دادن به اعضای بدنم ،حتی اندامهای تناسلیم به دفعات توسط بازجویان سپاه پاسداران مهاباد.

- ترک خوردگی و خون ریزی پوست دست و پاها در اثر ضربات شلاق و هم وارد کردن جریان برق به بدنم توسط بازجویان سپاه پاسداران مهاباد .

- کتک زدن با میله آهنی به مدت یک هفته توسط بازجویان اداره اطلاعات سنندج.

- نشان دادن افراد شکنجه شده برای تضعیف اعصاب و روان و ایجاد فشار روحی و روانی توسط نیروهای اطلاعات سنندج.

- دستگیری اعضای خانواده‌ام و تهدید من و آنها برای اقرار به حرفهای دروغین و ساختگی بازجویان توسط بازجویان اداره اطلاعات سنندج.

- تهدید به مرگ به دفعات توسط بازجویان اداره اطلاعات سنندج.

- ایجاد صداهای گوش خراش توسط بلندگوهای بازداشتگاه و ایجاد فشار عصبی فوق تحمل برای اعمال شکنجه روحی و روانی توسط بازجویان اداره اطلاعات سنندج.

- فحاشیهای رکیک و ناموسی حتی توسط زندانبانان بازداشتگاه توسط اداره اطلاعات سنندج.

- در نقل و انتقالات متعدد به سپاه المهدی ارومیه و اداره اطلاعات سنندج که از سوی سپاه پاسداران مهاباد صورت میگرفت ،در بین راه‌ متحمل مشت و لگدهای ماموران بدرقه‌ام و ایجاد جو ناامن روحی در حین انتقالات توسط مامواران بدرقه سپاه پاسداران مهاباد.

خلاصه 5 ماه در ارگانهای امنیتی و اطلاعاتی فوق الذکر که شکنجه‌های فیزیکی جسمی و روحی شدید وغیر قابل تحمل بر من وارد شد به زندان شهرستان مهاباد منتقل گردیدم و بعد با حضور در یک جلسه چند دقیقه‌ای در شعبه بازپرسی دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد که آقای شیخ لو بازپرسی را انجام داد ،فقط ایشان اسم و فامیل من را پرسید و بعد دستور انگشت زدن به کاغذی را داد و بنده با این توصیف بازپرسیم تمام شد.

در جلسه دادگاهیم که در شعبه یک دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد به ریاست قاضی خدادادی انجام گرفت ،قبل از اینکه قاضی اسم و فامیل مرا پرسیده و شروع به طرح سوالی بکند ،بلادرنگ به بنده گفت، چرا با ماموران همکاری نکرده‌ای، اگر بالاتر از اعدام هم حکمی بود به شما می‌دادم . حتما طناب اعدام را به گردنت می‌اندازم و بعد گفت دادگاهی شما تمام شد.

در آن اولین و آخرین جلسه دادگاهیم فقط قاضی خدادی لایحه دفاعیه‌ای که وکیلم نوشته بود را گرفت و دادگاه را مختومه اعلام نمود. دادگاه نمایشی و چند دقیقه‌ای نیز این‌چنین گذشت .

خلاصه هفته بعد از دادگاهیم مرا به دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد برده و شخصی مجهول الهویت که حتی نفهیدم چه سمت حقوقی دارد مطلبی را به طور شفاهی خواند و گفت این هم حکم و رای صادره شماست ،که تقریبا مضامین آن ابلاغیه شفاهی این چنین بود. جناب آقای حبیب‌الله گلپری پور فرزند ناصر شما به علت اقدام علیه امنیت ملی و فعالیت موثر،به عنوان محارب و مفسد فی الارض شناخته شده و به اعدام محکوم میگردی .وکیل بنده نیز بعدآ به حکم صادره اعتراض نموده که جواب اعتراض بعد از تقریبا ٣ ماه باز به طور شفاهی برایم ابلاغ شد و آن نیز حکایت از تائید رای اولیه در یکی از شعبات دیوان عالی کشور بود .

در این میان تعجب‌آورتر آنکه بنده که مدتی نیز به خاطر همین اتهام در اداره اطلاعات سنندج مورد بازجوئی و شکنجه‌های شدید فیزیکی و روحی قرار گرفته بودم ، دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی سنندج با نیابتی که به شعبه نیابت دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد فرستاده بود از من در آن شعبه نیابت مهاباد نیز دوباره بازپرسی به عمل آمد و بعد از مدتی حکمی بسیار جالب برایم ابلاغ شد که دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی سنندج مرا به خاطر همین اتهام و اتهام علیه امنیت ملی با وثیقه‌ای ١٠ میلیون تومانی آزاد کرده بود.

حال فکر نمیکنم در هیچ کجای دنیا و حتی کشور ایران دستگاه قضائی این چنین شاهکاری داشته‌اند که فردی در دو شهر متفاوت به خاطر یک اتهام مورد بازجوئی قرار بگیرد و آن فرد به خاطر یک اتهام اتفاق افتاده به دو کیفر محکوم شده باشد ،که در یک دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی در شهر مهاباد به همان اتهام اعدام داده شود و در شهر دیگری یعنی سنندج ،دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی سنندج به همان اتهام قرار آزادی با وثیقه ١٠ میلیونی صادر کرده باشد.

خلاصه این را نیز باید جزو هشتمین عجایب دنیا در کتاب رکوردهای آن ثبت کنیم.

و یا به خاطر این پرکاری و دقت دستگاههای امنیتی و هم دستگاه قضائی کشور آنها را تشویق کنیم.

خلاصه با بیان مختصر و مفید ماوقع اکنون شروع می‌کنیم به اعلام دلایل تضاد حکم صادره با اصل قانون اساسی کشور و قوانین آئین دادرسی کشور که دلایل بنده از این قرار است.

هیچ کس را نمی‌توان دستگیر کرد مگر به حکم و یا ترتیبی که قانون معین میکند و در صورت بازداشت موضوع اتهام باید ذکر و دلایل بلافاصله کتبا به متهم ابلاغ و تفهیم شود و حداکثر ظرف مدت ٢٤ ساعت پرونده مقدماتی به مراجع صالح قضائی ارسال و مقدمات محاکمه در اسرع وقت فراهم گردد. متخلف از این اصل طبق قانون مجازات میشود.

خوب این متن کامل اصل ٣٢ قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران است. حال شما به من بگوئید چرا به هنگام دستگیری فقط اتهاماتی آنهم به طور شفاهی به بنده گفته و هم ٥ ماه در پیچ و خم بازداشتگاهها و ارگانهای اطلاعاتی مورد شکنجه قرار گرفتم و در ضمن آقایان مقدمات محاکمه را در اسرع وقت فراهم کردند ، یک سال بعد البته خواستند به قانون عمل کنند. در بازپرسی صحبت نکردم و در مرحله دادگاهی قاضی گفت اگر بالاتر از اعدام حکمی بود برایت صادر میکردم. اولین سخن خوب حتما ایشان هم به خاطر همین موضوع در اسرع وقت می‌خواستند دادگاه بدون شنیدن دفاعیان بنده در عرض حدود پنج دقیقه تمام کرده و سریعا حکم به اعدام من بدهند.

اصل برائت است. هیچکس از نظر قانون مجرم شناخته نمیشود مگر اینکه جرم او در دادگاه صالحه ثابت گردد و خوب این هم متن کامل اصل ٣٨ قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران است . ولی موضوعی که برایم جالب است و جای سوال این است که در پاراگراف آخر گفته شده ، جرم او در دادگاه صالحه ثابت گردد . ولی نمیدانم بگویم خوشبختانه و یا متاسفانه، نه جرم بنده در دادگاه صالح که حتی در بازداشتگاههای ارگانهای مذکور در حد فعالیتهای تبلیغی و فرهنگی موثر علیه نظام ثابت گردید، نه فعالیتهای نظامی و موثر و یا هر اقدام دیگر مسلحانه و من نمیدانم چرا حکم اعدام و جرم محارب به بنده داده و زدند.

بنده از همان روز اول که توسط سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد دستگیرشدم و انتقالهای متعدد به بازداشگاههای المهدی ،سپاه پاسداران ارومیه ،اداره اطلاعات سنندج و اداره اطلاعات ارومیه که چند ماهی طول کشید مورد شکنجه‌های شدید فیزیکی و روحی روانی قرار گرفتم ،حال آنکه با توجه به اصل ٣٨ قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران آیا مراکز اطلاعاتی و امنیتی ذکر شده حق داشتند بنده را تحت انواع و اقسام شکنجه‌های جسمی و روحی و روانی فوق قرار دهند.

باتوجه به حکم صادره، استناد قاضی به دلایل و اقناعات سپاه بوده و بر این اساس اتهام محارب بر بنده زده شده است .حال آنکه باید به قاضی دادگاه و هم دیوان عالی کشور این ماده قانون آئین دادرسی کیفری را بنده متذکر گردم که اتهام محارب تنها از طریق

الف : یک بار اقرار متهم با شرط انکه اقرار کننده بالغ عاقل و بوده و اقرار وی با قصد و اختیار باشد.

ب: با شهادت فقط دو مرد عادل حکم. با بررسی پرونده بنده می‌بینند که نه اقراری از سوی بنده بوده و نه شاهدی. خوب آیا جای سوال این نیست که آقایان چگونه حکم بر محارب بودن من داده‌اند. بنا بر این بنده معتقدم که برخورد ارگانهای اطلاعاتی و امنیتی با بنده خارج از چهارچوب مجموعه قوانین اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران بوده است. ایران به ٣ معاهده بین‌المللی مهم حقوق بشری ملحق شده است ،که مهمترین آن اعلامیه جهانی حقوق بشر میباشد و رعایت حقوق بشر در چهارچوب قوانین اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران پیش بینی شده است.

اصل 32 دستگیری را با حکم و ترتیب قانون مقرر داشته و حداکثر مدت 24 ساعت مهلت جهت تشکیل پرونده و ارجاع به مراجع صالحه قضائی است . در حالی که بنده در تاریخ 88.7.4 دستگیر و در مورخ 88.12.17 یعنی به مدت 5 ماه بعد از دستگیری در شعبه بازپرسی حاضر شدام، یعنی بنده به مدت 5 ماه به طور غیر قانونی در اختیار ارگانهای اطلاعاتی و امنیتی و سپاه پاسداران بوده‌ام در طول این 5 ماه بر خلاف اصل 38 قانون اساسی تحت شدیدترین شکنجه‌ها قرار گرفته‌ام .

اصل 168 می‌گوید که رسیدگی به جرائم سیاسی و مطبوعاتی علنی است و با حضور هیئت منصفه در دادگستری صورت می‌گیرد. حال پرونده‌ای که برای بنده ردیف و آماده شده است سیاسی است و اگر مطالب بنده را خوانده باشید می‌بینید که بنده در یک جلسه بازپرسی مذکور و در جلسه دادگاهی خویش به جز خود ،قاضی و وکیل ،هیئت منصفه‌ای ندیم ، بلکه قاضی در بدو سخن با این مطلب که اگر بالاتر از اعدام حکمی بود برایت صادر میکردم به بنده اعلام کرد که روزهای قبل از دادگاهی حکم را صادر فرموده بودند، و احضار بنده و صرف2 الی 3 دقیقه مثلا برای برپائی دادگاه، حرکتی نمایشی بود ،بسا که متاسفانه نمایشی تراژیک از آب درآمد.

هتک حرمت و حیثیت کسی که به حکم قانون دستگیر ، بازداشت ،زندانی و یا تبعید شده به هر صورت که باشد ممنوع و موجب مجازات است، خوب این هم اصل 39 قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران، ولی متاسفانه به طوری که در شرح ماوقع دستگیری و ایام بازداشت و شکنجه که اشاره کردم ،هتک حرمت توسط زندان‌بانها هم صورت می‌گرفت.

حال نمی‌دانم این ممنوعیت و مجازات علاوه بر آقایان بازجویان سپاه پاسداران و اطلاعات شامل حال زندان‌بانهای ارگانهای امنیتی و اطلاعاتی نیز می‌شود و یا نه .

طبق اصل 57 قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران هر سه قوه مستقل از یکدیگرند.

ولی باز بنده شاهد بودم که در پرونده قضائی ،دادگاه که خود یکی از زیرمجموعه‌های دستگاه مستقل قضائی کشور است، به جای آنکه مستندات خود ، و سوالات متعدد و حتی جلسات متعدد رسیدگی به موضوع ،یعنی اتهام مربوطه را در دستور کار خویش قرار دهد، به تمامی پرونده سازیهای دستگاههای مجهول امنیتی و اطلاعاتی استناد کرد.

و بنا به گفته قاضی، چون با ماموران همکاری نکرده‌ام پس سنگین‌ترین حکم را صادر می‌کنند، آیا میتوان به مستقل بودن این قاضی اذعان کرد؟

در حالی که قاضی هر آنچه ارگانهای مذبورنوشته بودند پذیرفته ،و با عدم توجه به استقلال شغلی خویش و یا به هر علت دیگری که برایم معلوم و بارز نیست یک‌طرفه قضاوت کرد.

در مورد بازجوئی سپاه پاسداران مهاباد و المهدی ارومیه و اداره اطلاعات سنندج و ارومیه آیا مگر جز این نیست که این ارگانها طبق قوانین کیفری دستگاه قضائی، جزو ضابطین دادگستری محسوب میشوند ، حال با توجه به این قانون ماده 15 آئین دادرسی کیفری ، مگر تحت نظارت و تعلیمات مقام قضائی در کشف جرم و بازجوئی مقدماتی به دلایل جرم اقدام نمی‌کنند؟

پس در این میان آیا تمامی آن شکنجه‌های فیزیکی و روحی که در جریان بازجوئیها صورت گرفته به دستور قاضی‌های دستگاه قضائی بوده؟ یا آقایان بازجوها اقدام سرخود و غیرقانونی نموده‌اند؟ که اگر قاضی یا مقام قضائی شهرستان مهاباد، سنندج و ارومیه دستورقضائی مبنی بر اعمال شکنجه را داده‌اند باید توسط دادگاه عالی انتظامات قضات به تخلفات ایشان رسیدگی شود. و یا نه اگر بازجویان سپاه پاسداران و اداره اطلاعات به عنوان ضابطین قضائی تحت‌الامردستگاه قضائی خودسرانه و فقط با تشخیص و تصمیم شخصی ، سازمانی و غیر قانونی خودشان اقدام به شکنجه فیزیکی و روحی 5 ماهه بنده کرده‌اند، از تمامی ایشان که مسئولیت بازجوئی این پرونده را داشته‌اند شاکی بوده و تقاضا دارم که به جریان تک تک ایشان در یک دادگاه صالحه رسیدگی شود.

یکی از موارد استثنائی تشکیل پرونده برایم در مورد همین اتهام اقدام علیه امنیت ملی و فعالیت فرهنگی موثر علیه نظام در دو شهرستان متفاوت یعنی دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد و هم سنندج به حالت جالبتر ،صدور دو رای متفاوت و مغایر اولیه دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد که رای بر اعدام بنده صادر فرموده بودند و دومی یعنی رای دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی سنندج مبنی بر صدور قرار وثیقه ١٠ میلیون تومانی ، حال کسی نیست که از هر دو دادگاه محترم سوال کند که چرا

اولا، برای یک شخص که یک جرم مرتکب شده دو پرونده در دو شهرستان متفاوت باز شده؟

ثانیا ، چرا برای همان اتهام دادگاه انقلاب مهاباد اعدام و دادگاه انقلاب سنندج وثیقه ١٠ میلیون تومانی صادر می‌کند ، آیا این موضوع در تاریخ دادگاه انقلاب ایران و حتی دنیا سابقه داشته؟ و دیگر آنکه این اشد مجازات دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد نوعی اغراق و حتی نشانگر آن نیست که فضای استان آذربایجان غربی توسط ارگانهای امنیتی بسیار ویژه توصیف شده و دادگاههای مربوطه نیز کاملا عنان کار را به نظریه‌های مثلا کارشناسی ارگانهای مورد بحث می‌دهند؟ و هیچ تلاش ، پرس و جو و حتی شنیدن اظهارات متهم را برای صدور رای به کار نمی‌برند.

آیا این است استقلال و عدالت قاضی؟

موضوع بسیار مهم دیگر آنکه بازپرس و قاضی هیچکدام تحقیق از بنده در موارد اتهامی اصلا به عمل نیاورده‌اند. به طوری که می‌دانیم طبق آئین دادرسی کیفری ابتدا قاضی هویت و مشخصات متهم و همچنین آدرس او را دقیقا سوال نموده و سپس موضوع اتهام و دلایل آن را به صورت صریح به متهم تفهیم می‌کند و آنگاه شروع به تحقیق می‌نماید.و سوالات باید مفید و روشن باشد . سوالات تلقینی یا اغفال یا اکراه یا اجبار متهم ممنوع است . چنانچه‌ متهم از دادن پاسخ امتناع نماید امتناع او در صورت جلسه قید میشود . حال کدامین مورد در مراحل پازپرسی و دادگاهی من اجرا شده؟ هیچکدام.

و دردآور انکه قاضی با جمله چرا با ماموران همکاری نکرده‌ای، اگر بالاتر از اعدام حکمی بود برایت صادر می‌کردم، در حقیقت خواستند به کدامین وظیفه خویش عمل کنند . و این سخنان قاضی مگر جز این را آشکار می‌سازد که از مقام خویش سوء استفاده کرده و قصاص قبل از جنایت نموده ؟

و آیا با چنین قضاتی ادعای آن را داریم که دستگاه قضائی طلایه‌دار عدالت‌خواهی است؟

طبق قوانین آئین دادرسی کیفری پس از انتشار رای باید در دادنامه صادره نکات زیر را رعایت کند.

الف : شماره دادنامه با ذکر تاریخ و شماره پرونده ب : مشخصات دادگاه رسیدگی کننده و قاضی آن ج: مشخصات طرفین دعوی د: دلایل و مستندات رای ه: ماهیت رای و قانونی که رای مستند به آن می‌باشد و همچنین رای دادگاه پس از امضای دادنامه در دفتر مخصوص دادگاه ثبت شود و رونوشت رای به طرفین دعوی داده شود.

حال بنده با توجه به قوانین کیفری خود دستگاه قضا، از آن مقام محترم می‌پرسم چرا دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی مهاباد پس از بیش از یک سال سپری شدن از صدور رای اولیه و همچنین چندین ماه پس تائید رای اولیه از سوی دیوان عالی کشورهیچ رونوشتی از هیچکدام ،یعنی نه رای بدوی و نه رای نهائی به بنده و وکلایم نداده‌اند؟

آیا این حق وکلای بنده نیست که لااقل یک رونوشت از حکمی که برایم انشا کرده‌اند را داشته باشم ، تا واقعا بخوانم قاضی محترم در آن دادنامه با استناد به کدام دلایل و مستندات متقن و محرز رای به محارب و مفسد فی‌الارض بودن من داده است ؟

آیا این تقاضای بسیار سنگینی است؟

و این ابلاغ نکردن کتبی رونوشت رای‌های صادره علیه من آیا خود بی قانونی نیست؟ آیا مجازاتی در بر ندارد؟ حداقل رونوشت دادنامه را به من ندادند تا با استناد به نوشته‌های موجود در آن اعتراضیه صحیحی بنویسم . این اعمال واقعا به چه منظور انجام می‌گیرد؟

آیا خود کسانی که باید الگوی رعایت قوانین باشد این چنین بی قانونی کنند فردا بنده از بازجویانم چه انتظاری خواهم داشت ؟ مطمئنا با این چنین منطقی که قضات دارند هیچ موقع به عدالت واقعی نخواهیم رسید .چون مرجعی که باید مامن امید و عدل و قسط باشد و جلو هرگونه پیشداوری و ظلم و جور را بگیرد خود به این مسائل آمیزه‌ شده و دامن میزند.

در آخر این جانب درد دل و وضعیت پیش آمده را برایتان نگاشتم تا دستور تشکیل دادگاهی علنی ، صالح و مستقل را برای رسیدگی به پرونده بنده صادر فرمائید.

اگر شما به مشکل بنده نرسیدید در مرحله بعد که از حمایت و نظارت شما ناامید شدم مجبور خواهم شد صدای عدالتخواهی خویش را به گوش سازمانها و ارگانهای بین‌المللی برسانم و شکایت‌نامه‌ای به دبیر کل سازمان ملل متحد ،شورای عالی حقوق بشر سازمان ملل متحد، دادگاه عالی لاهه ، سازمان دفاع از حقوق زندانیان سیاسی سازمان ملل متحد و هر ارگان و یا شخص حقوقی و بین‌الملی که در گیر مسائل حقوق بشری هستند مینویسم.

کمترین اثر این کار این خواهد بود که اقلا وجدانم آرام گیرد و روزی که از سوی دستگاه‌های مذبور به قتل رسیدم دچار عذاب وجدان نشوم .

به امید روزی که مسئولان جمهوری اسلامی ایران حداقل در حق شهروندان این مرز و بوم کمترین حقوقی را که در قانون اساسی کشور نوشته شده اجرا نمایند، و هیچگاه خود را بالاتر از قانون نپندارند و در هر مقام و پستی که داشته‌ باشند خویش را تابع قانون نوشته شده خودشان بدانند.

حبیب‌الله گلپری‌پور

زندانی سیاسی زندان مرکزی ارومیه بند

URGENT!! Revolutionary Court Sets Habibollah Latifi’s Execution Date for December 26th | Persian2English

Deutsche Übersetzung auf Julias Blog lesen

Habibollah Latifi is a student at the University of Eylam & a Kurdish activist. He was arrested in October 2007 and is imprisoned in Sanandaj prison. Latifi participated in a hunger strike to protest the hanging of Ehsan Fattahian, who was executed on November 11, 2009.

Persian Report by Rawa News | Sourced by CHRR
Translation by Siavosh Jalili,

AND Vote for Habibollah Latifi on Balatarin

Rawa News: The time of execution of Kurdish political prisoner Habibollah Latifi has been issued to his lawyer.

On Thursday, December 23rd, the judicial officials told Saleh Nikbakht, Mr. Latifi’s lawyer that the death sentence of his client will definitely be carried out on Sunday, December 26, 2010.

Earlier, in his interviews with the media, Nikbakht expressed concerns about the possibility of the sentence to be executed. He said, “If the sentence is finalized, the only possible avenue to halt th execution would be to ask for a retrial. We have acted previously, to no avail, to re-open and retry the case. Aside from this, the only course of action that can be taken by a lawyer is to request a pardon.”

Habibollah Latifi was arrested on October 23, 2007. He was held four months in solitary confinement while subjected to severe torture by the Ministry of Intelligence interrogators. Latifi was tried on the charges of “acting against national security and the regime” on June 30, 2008 in a process that lasted only a few minutes, without the presence of his family, in branch 1 of the Sanandaj (the capital of the Kurdistan province) Revolutionary Court. Judge Hassan Babaei presiding over the case cited verse 33 of a chapter titled Maedeh in the Qur’an, articles 1,3, and 5 of chapter 6 of a Tahrir oll-masael, a book written by Ayatollah Khomeini, and sections 183, 186, 190, and 191 of the Islamic Penal code to find Mr. Latifi guilty of Moharebeh (enmity with God), and sentenced him to death.

GoPetition for Habibollah Latifi





Directions: Copy, paste and send this letter to world leaders and int’l org (emails below) to ask them to take urgent action to save the life of political prisoner Habibollah Latifi.


Your Excellency,

I ask that you do all you can to save the lives of the political prisoners in Iran and Habib Latifi a political prisoner who is in imminent danger of excecution in Iran. Execution is wrong, and no one should ever be executed for speaking there beliefs and opinions.

According to Rawa reports, judicial authorities in Iran, on Wednesday 22 December, informed the lawyer Saleh Nikbakht, that his client Habib Latifi’s execution date been set for the coming Sunday, 26 december 2010.

We need urgent action to stop this inhumane and savage act.

The policy of lets be silent and see what will happen next is a satanic policy, as Bishop Haik Hovsepian said.



Contacts (World Leaders):,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

Extended gov’t & int’l org contacts:,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, <>,,, <>,,


William Hague

United Kingdom


Beatriz Lorenzo

Spain – Human Rights Office

Michael Spindelegger


Steven Vanackere



Jan Kohout

Czech Republic

Bernard Kouchner


Guido Westerwelle


George Papandreou


Peter Balazs


Ossur Skarpheoinsson


Michael Martin


Franco Frattini


Sergey Lavrov


Carl Bildt


Micheline Calmy-Rey


Ahmet Davutoglu


Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva



Stephen Harper

Canada – Prime Minister

Ban Ki-moon

Office of the United Nations, Secretary-General


Navanethem Pillay

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Kathy Stewart

US Bureau of Democracy & Human Rights

S. M Krishna



زمان اجرای اعدام حبیب الله لطیفی به وکیل وی اعلام شد

زمان اجرای حکم اعدام حبیب الله لطیفی پور، زندانی سیاسی کرد به وکیل مدافع وی اعلام شد.

به گزارش روانیوز، مقامات قضایی عصر روز پنج شنبه 1 دیماه به صالح نیکبخت وکیل مدافع حبیب الله لطیفی پور گفته اند که حکم وی روز یکشنبه 5/10/89 به صورت قطعی به اجرا در خواهد آمد.

آقای نکبخت پیشتر در مصاحبه با رسانه ها ضمن اعلام نگرانی از اجرایی شدن حکم اعدام حبیب الله لطیفی گفته بود: “چنانکه حکم قطعی شود، تنها امکانی که جهت جلوگیری از اجرای شدن آن وجود دارد اعاده دادرسی است. مساله ای که سابقا نیز در راستای آن اقدام کرده بودیم اما بی نتیجه مانده بود. به غیر از این تنها عملی که ما به عنوان وکیل می توانیم انجام دهیم تقاضای عفو است ” .

حبیب‏الله لطیفی در تاریخ یکم آبان ماه ۱۳۸۶ بازداشت شد. وی ۴ ماه در زندان انفرادی تحت شکنجه‌ی شدید بازجویان اطلاعات مورد بازجویی قرار گرفت. لطیفی در تاریخ ۱۰ تیرماه ۱۳۸۷ طی دادگاهی چند دقیقه ای و بدون حضور خانواده، در شعبه ی اول دادگاه انقلاب اسلامی سنندج از سوی قاضی حسن بابایی به جرم اقدام علیه امنیت ملی و نظام با استناد به آیه ۳۳ سوره مائده (قرآن کریم) و استناد به مسائل یکم، سوم و پنجم از فصل ششم (حد محارب) جلد چهارم کتاب تحریر الوسیله امام خمینی و مواد ۱۸۳، ۱۸۶، ۱۹۰، ۱۹۱ قانون مجازات اسلامی، محارب اعلام شده و به اعدام محکوم شد.

Thursday, 23 December 2010

Research has disputed a virus link to chronic fatigue syndrome - Health News - NHS Choices

“A new study has cast further doubt on the idea that a virus called XMRV causes chronic fatigue syndrome,” BBC News has reported.

In 2009 the condition, also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), was linked to a virus similar to one found in mice after a study discovered it was present in blood samples from people with the condition. However, well-conducted research has now suggested that this link was made because of lab contamination in earlier research. The study authors have made a strong conclusion from their work and have reportedly stated that “our conclusion is quite simple: XMRV is not the cause of chronic fatigue syndrome".

The complex laboratory research examined the debated link by assessing the purity and ancestry of viral samples isolated from human cells. Scientists concluded it is very likely that the human cells had been contaminated with DNA from mice cells or by cells that contained a virus very similar to XMRV.
On this basis they call for the use of more rigorous detection methods during testing.

The cause of chronic fatigue syndrome is still unknown, and this research does not rule out the possibility that other viruses are involved.


Where did the story come from?

The study was carried out by researchers from University College London, the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Cambridge and the University of Oxford. The study was funded by the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme, the UK National Institute for Health Research, the Wellcome Trust, the Medical Research Council and The Royal Society.

The study was published in the peer-reviewed medical journal Retrovirology.

The newspapers have all reported this story well, emphasising the strength of the researchers’ conclusion that ME is not caused by this virus. The authors themselves did not actually get hold of the samples from the study that had suggested a causal link. As a result, they cannot prove conclusively that the samples were contaminated, but their finding that the contamination is highly likely sheds doubt on the theory that XMRV causes ME.


What kind of research was this?

The cause of myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), now more commonly termed chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), is largely unknown, but one theory has suggested that a virus called XMRV (xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus) may be involved. This virus has been linked with other diseases, but not all studies on its potential role in ME have found an association. The 2009 study that first linked XMRV to ME involved examination of blood cells from ME patients, finding that most samples contained DNA from the virus.

The XMRV virus circulates among mice, although in the laboratory it has been found to infect cells from a variety of animal species. The researchers say that the link between the virus and human disease is controversial, and that studies in this area have not produced consistent results. The virus is also found in up to 6% of healthy humans. In this study the researchers undertook a laboratory study to demonstrate that viruses from mice can contaminate human samples.


What did the research involve?

Researchers examined the DNA from different types of mice to see whether they could detect the presence of the virus. All of them were positive. They also investigated how frequently several lines of human cells (samples of extracted human cells cultured for experimentation) were contaminated with the XMRV virus. They tested contamination among nine different human cell lines, including tumour cells. They then investigated the presence of the XMRV virus using complex methods of detection, and also set out to see whether the human cells included viruses that could be mistaken for XMRV.

The researchers then undertook an evolutionary analysis of how the viral DNA comes to be in certain human cells lines. It is reported that XMRV is regularly found in prostate cancer cells, so the researchers cloned these cells and purified the viral DNA from them. They then used complex statistical methods to examine the evolutionary relationships between the sequences they had isolated from these cells.


What were the basic results?

DNA in human cells was frequently contaminated with DNA from different viruses, some of which originated from XMRV but some of which could be mistaken for having an XMRV origin. When cloning pure XMRV from the prostate cancer cells for testing purposes the researchers found that the viral DNA thought to be from XMRV was actually a mix of DNA from two different viruses. They say that this strongly suggests that contamination is the source.

Further analysis showed that viral sequences reported to be coming from unlinked patients actually seemed to be derived from the same original cell line, also suggesting that contamination was a likely reason for detection of this virus in human samples. Finally, the researchers found that the type of XMRV that is derived from human samples is less diverse than that from mouse cells. This is unexpected for a virus thought to cause an infectious disease.


How did the researchers interpret the results?

The researchers have concluded that the XMRV found in patient samples is likely to be derived from contamination either by mouse DNA or by other cells infected with viruses that originate in mouse DNA. They conclude that XMRV is unlikely to be a human pathogen.

They acknowledge that without testing original samples it is difficult to establish whether human samples in previous studies have definitely been contaminated.



This well-described laboratory study has used complex methods to analyse DNA and to determine the evolutionary history of retroviruses found in the DNA of mouse and human samples. The researchers have concluded that it is possible, and likely, that samples in previous studies concluding that XMRV has a causal link with ME were actually subject to contamination with DNA from mice or from cells that had an identical virus in them.

Importantly, they note that while it is not possible to prove that previous samples have been contaminated they say they are sure of their conclusions, and a lead researcher is quoted in the papers as saying that: "Our conclusion is quite simple: XMRV is not the cause of chronic fatigue syndrome. Our evidence shows that the sequences from the virus genome in cell culture have contaminated human chronic fatigue syndrome samples”. They say that rigorous methods should be used when screening for the virus in future.

The causes of ME, or chronic fatigue syndrome, are unknown, and while this research provides evidence that XMRV is not the cause, this does not exclude any other as yet unidentified virus from having some role. Other possible contributing factors include genetic, environmental, lifestyle and psychosocial factors.

Links to the headlines

ME 'virus' was actually a lab mistake, study says. The Independent, December 21 2010

Scientists conclude mouse virus does not cause ME. The Guardian, December 21 2010

ME 'not caused by the XMRV virus'. BBC News, December 21 2010

Links to the science

Hue S, Gray ER, Gall A et al. Disease-associated XMRV sequences are consistent with laboratory contamination. Retrovirology, 2010, 7:111


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